There are many styles of culinary mushrooms, consisting of white button, crimini, shiitake, portabella, enoki, cloud ear, and greater. The largest cultivated mushroom is the portabella, which can develop up to six inches in diameter.21
Micro- and macro-nutrient tiers can range amongst specific styles of mushrooms. For instance, white mushrooms have slightly extra calcium22 whilst shiitake mushrooms have more fiber.23 But in fashionable, most edible varieties comprise crucial vitamins and minerals like vitamin C, nutrition B-6, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, copper, folate, and zinc.2
Dried mushrooms generally tend to have greater calories and other nutrients than raw sorts due to the fact they are greater focused. When they may be rehydrated before cooking or eating, their vitamins is similar to raw variations. Canned mushrooms are regularly a bit better in energy, and significantly higher in sodium than raw mushrooms due to components.24
When They’re Best
Fresh mushrooms are available all year long, with the peak season in the United States walking from April thru June. Wild mushrooms are to be had seasonally, usually within the summer season and fall. Dried and canned mushrooms can also be observed all year lengthy.
Storage and Food Safety
Many wild mushrooms are deadly and might appear to be safe types, so it is volatile to collect wild mushrooms to your own for ingesting.19 Wild mushrooms which can be sold through respectable purveyors ought to be secure to devour.
Many humans use coco coir mushroom substrate and placed them in salads uncooked. Some experts recommend that you’re better off cooking mushrooms due to the fact cooking helps to launch their vitamins and minerals.
Certain kinds of uncooked mushrooms contain small amounts of pollutants, inclusive of a compound this is taken into consideration carcinogenic, which is destroyed via cooking. However, cooking will not render distinctly toxic mushrooms secure to devour.19
When looking for mushrooms, search for sparkling mushrooms which can be easy and free of blemishes, along with gentle, moist spots and discoloration. Fresh mushrooms can be stored within the fridge in an open box for approximately five days.1 Do no longer wash them till just before use.